• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
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Compound structure

When describing the structure (i.e. form) of compounds, two closely-related but distinct levels could be identified:

  1. On a morphosyntactic level the types of constituents that are available for compounding are described. These include:
    • independent constituents, like different types of stems (like nouns, adjectives, etc.), complex words (like affixed words or compounds), and phrases (like NPs, APs, etc.); with
      • affixoids as a special kind of independent constituent; and
    • dependent constituents, like roots, (neo-)classical word formation elements (a.k.a. combination forms, like bio- in bio·diesel), and reduced stems (like clippings); with
      • interfixes as a special kind of dependent constituent.
  2. On a morphosemantic level the headedness of Afrikaans compounds are described, i.e. endocentric or exocentric compounds.

    This is a beta version.